At the end of each day my feet and legs hurt all the way to my hip. I was riddled with shin splints, bunions, that damned callous, and a crazy electric sensation that rode from my knee and up my outer thigh. Still, I refused to cease and desist. That is until my run in with a podiatrist who informed me that if I wanted to be able to walk at all in ten years, I better trade in my pumps for a few pairs of modest no-higher-than-1½ -inchers and a couple pairs of New Balance sneakers. My days of being 5’6-5’8″ were over.
Callus formation on the ball of the foot is another common problem caused by wearing closed shoes. Weather you are wearing flats or high heel shoes the skin on the bottom of your foot can get thicker becoming painful when walking. The pitch of the shoe forces the ball of the foot to be prominent to the ground. High heels pitch the foot forward and place the ball of the foot on the ground. This causes friction and rubbing against the floor of the shoe and can cause problems when walking.
A bunion deformity is a structural deformity caused by abnormal biomechanics in which the first metatarsal drifts away from the second metatarsal. This causes the big toe (hallux) to drift towards the second toe. The result is a bump or prominence of the inside aspect of the foot and the big toe hitting up against the second toe. The most common form of investigation is a radiological imaging study. These include weight bearing, oblique, and lateral as well as anteroposterior radiographs. The radiographs are taken and the measurement of Hallux abductus angle, intermetatarsal angle, medial prominence of the first metatarsal head and congruency of the metatarsophalageal (MTP joint) are taken.
To understand the cause of the pain one must understand the anatomy of the foot and some basic mechanics in the function of the foot. A thick ligament, called the plantar fascia, is attached into the bottom of the heel and fans out into the ball of the foot, attaching into the base of the toes. The plantar fascia is made of dense, fibrous connective tissue that will stretch very little. It acts something like a shock absorber. As the foot impacts the ground with each step, it flattens out lengthening the foot. This action pulls on the plantar fascia, which stretches slightly.
Corns are irrating and painful calluses that usually cause a sharp or dull pain when pressure is applied on them. Probably would be less irritating if they grew on the top of your head, but unfortunately they usually poke up on your toes or the bottom of your foot. The larger a corn becomes the further it will push into your dermis which can cause inflammation and more severe pain. While trying on shoes wear the normals style of sock that you will wear with the shoe. Not the cheap panty hose liners they have if you’re not wearing socks. This will help with a better fit.
You can improve this type of pain by stretching out the back of the lower leg. Do this by putting your foot up on a low stool while you are standing. Hold the foot so the big toe is pointed straight up. When you are in this position, pull your foot up so your big toe is trying to point toward your head. You should feel stretching in the back of your leg. After doing this for a few days, you should start feeling some relief of your foot pain. Your health care provider will make the diagnosis after observing the skin. In most cases tests are not necessary. Treatment
Next time you think twice about wearing tennis shoes to work, think about these legs and remember that you can look just as good in sneakers no matter what you are doing. When you are standing in the high heels, yes, your posture is improved – because if you did not stand tall then you would fall forward. By tilting the back heels up, our upper body instinctively leans back to prevent imminent toppling over. Urinary track infections can also be related to wearing High Heels. But dont’t take my word for it – click here to read an interesting article that references Larrian Gillespie, M.D.
Prevention is often the best treatment; the goal to prevent corns and calluses is to avoid pressure and friction. Your doctor may want to inspect your feet on periodic office visits. He/she may look for visible signs of pressure and friction. Before calluses and corns form, the feet may have telltale reddened areas that stay red after the shoes have been removed. Women love their high heels. Short women especially love them, cos they give us the appearance of having longer legs. We start wearing them in our late teens and continue to do so through our early 20’s, coasting through our social lives with little or no discomfort.
Many bunions can be treated by switching to shoes that fit properly and that don’t squash the toes, the AAOS says. Most bunions do not need to be corrected with surgery, particularly if they are not causing pain. A foot specialist can help you determine the best treatment for your bunion and what type of shoe would be best for your foot. If you are a diabetic you are fifteen times more likely to have a limb amputated or suffer with leg and foot ulcers. However the risk of complication is significantly reduced if your blood sugar levels, blood pressure and cholesterol are properly monitored and controlled.
Depending on the angle of the hallux valgus, it can also cause the bones in the second toe to shift and become painful. This is a separate condition called hammer toe. It is important to know that these problems are often interrelated. Seeing a Doctor Pain in the balls of your feet is a common problem. The general term used to describe the condition is metatarsalgia, which refers to the metatarsal bones at the top of the foot’s arch. Causes of pain include arthritis, disorders in your foot’s structure, muscle weakness and injury. Wearing tight shoes and high heels can also cause problems in the balls of your feet. Metatarsalgia